加拿大联邦技工移民 Federal Skilled Trades (FST) Program
Since 2013, the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) has offered an immigration pathway to global talent with skilled trades backgrounds.
The FST is one of three skilled worker programs management under Canada’s Express Entry system.
Applying through the FST is one of many ways you can pursue permanent residency to Canada as a skilled trades professional. Other options include other federal immigration programs, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) and immigrate to Quebec.
快速通道【破局加分项】Increase your【EE Score】
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The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program is managed under the Express Entry system and uses the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) to rank candidates who wish to settle permanently in Canada. Once in the pool, applicants with the most competitive CRS scores will receive invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence.
联邦技工移民项目优势 What are the benefits of the FST?
The FSTP is part of a major effort by federal and provincial governments to welcomed more skilled trades workers to Canada to address labour shortages in trades occupations. Canada has an aging population and low birth rate, which is why it is relying more on immigration to support its labour force and economic growth. The skilled trades is an area of significant need. Immigrating to Canada under the FSTP offers a number of benefits. Under Express Entry, successful FSTP candidates are usually able to obtain their permanent residence within six months.
FSTP candidates may have lower CRS scores than other candidates in the Express Entry pool in part because they are not required to prove their level of education. IRCC, however, occasionally holds program-specific Express Entry draws inviting only FSTP candidates. Entering the Express Entry pool increases your odds of obtaining permanent residence since you can receive a provincial nomination which will all but guarantee your success through Express Entry. A provincial nomination is worth an additional 600 CRS points which means you will very likely eventually receive a permanent residence invitation under Express Entry.
If you are a FSTP candidate with Canadian work experience, you are well-positioned to succeed in the Canadian labour market. IRCC provides more Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points to candidates who have worked in Canada and also who have studied here.
Research by Canada’s governments as well as academics also shows that having Canadian experience is a major advantage when obtaining permanent residence. The combination of the knowledge, connections, experience, and skills you obtained while working in Canada will provide you with a labour market edge when you obtain permanent residence under the FSTP.
符合联邦技工移民项目要求的候选人，在递交申请前五年内至少累积两年的全职（或同等时长的兼职）技工类工作经验。该工作经验必须在候选人获得居住所在国相关技工证书后累积。技工类行业在加拿大国家职业分类 NOC-TEER 中的代码为：
In order to qualify for FST, a candidate must have at least two years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade (or an equal amount in part-time). This experience must have been obtained within the previous 5 years and only considers work experience obtained after an individual has been granted the certification to practice the trade in their country of residence.
Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC) code, defines skilled trades as the following occupation groups:
technical trades and transportation officers and controllers
excluding Sub-Major Group 726, transportation officers and controllers
supervisors in natural resources, agriculture and related production
occupations in natural resources and related production
processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors, and utilities operators and controllers
central control and process operators and aircraft assembly assemblers and inspectors
excluding Sub-Major Group 932, aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors
cooks, butchers and bakers
- 加拿大就业联系 – 持有至少12个月的有效全职工作聘书，或拥有加拿大省级或地区当局颁发的技工行业资格证书。
- 语言能力 – 在被认可的英语或法语语言测试中，口语和听力达到加拿大语言水平分级 CLB5 或以上；阅读和写作达到加拿大语言水平分级 CLB4 或以上。
- 定居意愿 – 计划定居在除魁北克省以外的地区。
If a person does possess the necessary work experience, they also must meet the other eligibility criteria outlined by the FST program:
- Canada Employment Connection: Have a valid offer of full-time employment for a position lasting at least 12-months or a certificate of qualification in their skilled trade which is issued by a Canadian provincial or territorial authority.
- Language Proficiency: Reach a minimum of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)5 for speaking and listening; a minimum of CLB5 for reading and writing.
- Residence in Canada: Must intend to live outside of the province of Quebec.
Provided a candidate meets these requirements, they will be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile for the Federal Skilled Trades program. However, candidates should note that they must meet Canada’s basic admissibility requirements. Certain criminal offences and medical conditions may make a person inadmissible to Canada.
If a person meets these requirements, they can submit an Express Entry profile to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Submitting an Express Entry profile does not guarantee a candidate will receive Canadian permanent residence. Only after submitting an Express Entry profile will a candidate be assigned a CRS score and be considered in future Express Entry draws for Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence.
When submitting an Express Entry profile, an FST candidate will be required to provide information from several documents:
- Language Proficiency Test Results
All candidates under the Express Entry programs must provide results from an approved language test taken within the previous two years. Accepted tests for English include the IELTS exam, and the CELPIP exam (only available in Canada). Accepted tests for French include the Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF) and the Test de connaissance du français pour le Canada (TCF Canada).
- Identification Documents
Candidates will be required to provide information from identification documents. Ideally, a candidate and all accompanying family members should possess passports valid for travel.
Though educational documents are not required for FST, an applicant must have certain documentation in order to claim points for education:
- Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA)
In order to claim points for education, an FST candidate must provide a valid ECA report attesting to the value of foreign education by Canadian standards. There are five organizations in Canada authorized to issue ECA reports. This is not required for educational credentials obtained from a Canadian educational institution.
申请联邦技工移民需要达到怎样的语言要求？What language requirements do I need to meet for the FST?
- 口语和听力，达到加拿大语言水平分级 CLB5 级或以上
- 阅读和写作，达到加拿大语言水平分级 CLB4 级或以上
You need to take an English and/or French test by a third party language tester that has been designated by IRCC. If you receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence, your test results can not be older than two years old on the day you submit your permanent residence application. You need to meet the following requirements at a minimum on your test(s):
- at least a CLB 5 (English) or a NCLC 5 (French) for speaking and listening
- at least a CLB 4 (English) or a NCLC 4 (French) for reading and writing
什么是联邦技工岗位资格证书？What is a certificate of qualification for the FST?
A certificate of qualification demonstrates a person is qualified to practice a skilled trade in Canada. They have passed a certified exam and meet all the requirements to practice the trade in a specific provinces or territory. The certificate you get will be issued by the body that governs trades in the given province or territory or by a federal government authority.
如何获得联邦技工岗位资格证书？How can I get a certificate of qualification for the FST?
Under Canada’s Constitution, provinces and territories are responsible for education and training. This means they are usually in charge of setting the requirements to practice a skilled trade in their jurisdiction. The regulatory organization that is responsible for governing your skilled trade in the province or territory of your choice needs to assess your skills, trades experience, training, and determine if you are eligible to write an exam to be certified.
You will likely need to physically travel to the province or territory to write the exam for certification. In addition, you may need an employer in Canada to train you and provide you with work experience before you write the exam. There are some trades that are not regulated by a province or territory (e.g., airplane mechanic). If this is the case, your skilled trade may fall under federal regulation. More information on how to get your credentials assessed in Canada can be found on this government website.
联邦技工移民是否需要获得工作聘书？Do you need a job offer under the FST?
No. However, a job offer is required if you do not have a certificate of qualification in your skilled trade that has been issued by a province or territory in Canada.
什么是联邦技工移民认可的有效工作聘书？What is an eligible job offer under the FST?
A job offer is eligible under the FSTP if it is full-time employment from up to two employers in Canada for a minimum of 30 hours per week. The job offer needs to be for at least one year in duration. Job offers usually require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) however there are exceptions. LMIAs are used by the federal government to verify that the hiring of foreign nationals does not have a negative impact on the Canadian job market.
联邦技工移民项目对工作经验有什么要求？What work experience can I use towards the FST's requirement?
Under the FSTP, you can only count work experience in a trade if you were qualified to practice that trade in the region where you obtained the work experience.
For example, you may have been qualified in one country and got work experience there. If you then moved to another country to work, you could only count the work experience you gained in that country if you also got certified by the relevant authority to practice there.
快速通道综合打分较低，是否可以申请联邦技工移民？Should I apply under the FST even if I have a low EE score?
Applying through Express Entry increases your chances of obtaining permanent residence. Even if you have a low CRS score, you get the opportunity to receive a provincial nomination if you are in the Express Entry pool. A provincial nomination will get you 600 extra CRS points and virtually guarantee you will receive a permanent residence invitation through Express Entry.
Keep in mind it is also free to create an Express Entry profile. You can create an Express Entry profile and also apply to other immigration programs as well.
如要申请联邦技工移民，如何提高快速通道综合打分？How can I improve my EE CRS score through the FST?
Among the ways you can improve your CRS score include:
- Secure an eligible job offer
- Claim all the CRS points you are eligible for (e.g., if applicable, get an Educational Credential Assessment If you obtained eligible foreign education)
- Obtain an eligible academic credential in Canada and/or work in Canada
- Prepare adequately for your English or French language test and retake it until you are satisfied with your score
- If applicable, have your spouse or partner as the principal applicant if they have a higher CRS score
获邀递交联邦技工移民申请，是否需要提供资金证明？Do I need to show proof of funds under the FST?
Yes. You need to show IRCC you have enough settlement funds to support yourself and your family (if applicable) upon completing your permanent residence landing in Canada. However, this requirement is waived if you are legally able to work in Canada and have an eligible job offer.
什么是省级提名项目以及如何获取提名？What is a provincial nomination and how can I get one?
Under Canada’s Constitution, the federal government and provinces and territories share the authority to select and settle new immigrants. Canada’s federal immigration department, IRCC, manages the overall immigration system including Express Entry, and various programs such as the FSTP.
In addition, the provinces and territories operate their own selection programs for skilled workers. Quebec operates its own system. Most other provinces and territories operate the Provincial Nominee Program. Under the PNP, each province or territory can “nominate” immigration candidates who meet their requirements. Immigration candidates with a provincial nomination then have their permanent residence applications processed by IRCC.
You can get a provincial nomination two ways. You can apply directly to a province or territories’ PNP. You can also enter the Express Entry pool if you are eligible for the FSTP or another program, and potentially receive an invitation by a province or territory to apply to their PNP. This will give you 600 extra CRS points which will almost guarantee you will get a permanent residence invitation by IRCC under Express Entry.
相关链接 Related Links
- 加拿大联邦技工移民 Federal Skilled Trades (FST) Program
- 加拿大经验类移民 Canadian Experience Class (CEC) Eligibility
- 加拿大联邦技术移民 Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program
- 快速移民通道双学历加分 Dual-Credentials
- 快速通道职业定向邀请 Category-Based Selection
- 联邦技术移民六项打分系统 Federal Skilled Worker Six Selection Factors (Eligibility Points)
- 如何在快速移民通道中建档 How to Create an Online Express Entry Profile
- 快速通道抽分历史 Express Entry Immigration Draws（EE Draws）
- 快速通道综合打分系统 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
- 移民邀请函与电子永居申请 Invitation to Apply for PR (ITAs) & the electronic Application for PR (eAPR)